Thanks to more studies about skin cancer, people have become too aware about protecting themselves against the harmful effects from the sun. The use of sunscreen, UV sunglasses for eye protection, tanning sprays, and even tanning salons have been provided to prevent the most common type of cancer, that is, skin cancer.
However, despite major health concerns, there are increasing number of cases involving skin cancer throughout the years. Though it could have been prevented if we know these facts about skin cancer.
Who are at risk? By and large, fair-skinned people are the most susceptible to skin cancer because their protective skin lacks melanin pigment. The pigment that protects our skin from the damaging ultraviolet rays of the sun. However new studies show that even dark-skinned people needs to protect themselves from the sun because the cells that cause basal cell carcinoma, and melanoma present an equal opportunity in developing skin cancer.
And, worse, even when we thought we stayed on the shade all the time, non-melanoma cancer can develop on the genital area. This may pose a more serious problem to women than men causing about as many deaths. Hence, for thorough protection, in as much as staying out of sun’s rays, it is a must for everyone to have a regular physical exam. And, if something looks suspicious -moles or freckles- make sure the doctor checked it out. For skin cancer, prompt detection and early treatment can likely be a cure.
Know how your sunscreen work. Everybody takes for granted the damaging effects from the sun, especially when we know we have been under the protective care of cosmetic sunscreens. By standards, sunscreen can only block UVB rays: the one that caused sunburn. But, unless there is regulation just how effective sunscreens can protect us from UVA rays, which can penetrate deeper into the skin, then, let’s not prioritize the use of sunscreen. Use protective clothing and eyewear, too, when going about under the sun.
Safety of tanning salons. Tanning salons are a thriving business. Where people, mostly young teens, go about for regular tanning schedules. What they do not know? Despite regulations regarding the number of hours one should spend on a tanning bed, it isn’t likely practiced. Plus, newer studies found that people who frequent tanning salons are 2.5 times more likely to develop squamous cell cancer and 1.5 times more likely to develop basal cell. Same as in sunlamps and X-ray procedures, they were supposed to be well regulated because tanning beds can generate UV rays, which can damage skin and develop cell malignancy.